Tom Kerridge never set out to write a diet book. But after shedding more than 70 kilograms from his ample frame – most of it in the public eye as a presenter on the BBC’s Proper Pub Food and Best Ever Dishes – the affable British chef was swamped with so much interest about how he trimmed down that he decided to commit his ideas to paper.
So how did a self-described “beer-drinking, late-night burger-eating, cheese-loving bloke” manage to lose more than a third of his body weight?
The answers contained in his new cookbook, Tom Kerridge’s Dopamine Diet, aren’t earth-shatteringly original, as the Michelin-starred chef from Marlow gastropub The Hand and Flowers, is the first to concede.
The recipes are essentially revved-up versions of low-carb cooking, ditching anything sugary or starchy in favour of meat, fish, eggs, nuts, dairy and vegies, with starring roles given over to omelets, mince and broth.
But where other books in the same genre might suggest salads and light lunches, Kerridge conjures up robust satiating fare heavy on seasoning, cream and marinades. His chef technique lets him cram in flavour and texture, he says, and as a busy new father who grew up in a housing estate in the West Country of England, he also has an appreciation for no-fuss family meals.
It’s a potato – it couldn’t beat you in a running race. It can’t read or write. It can’t do anything – it’s an inanimate object.
“It’s about homely great cooking,” he says. “It’s protein led … a lot of it is about big flavours, spices and strong tastes.”
There are restrictions, of course – no alcohol, a 90-gram limit on carbohydrates per day, and mince meals without the usually obligatory serve of rice or pasta. But even four years after starting his weight-loss plan, Kerridge says he never feels deprived or as if he’s missing out.
“If you’re somebody who is active, enjoys flavours and food and cooking, it’s still a celebration of eating food,” he says. “[It’s] focussing on what you actually can eat rather than worrying about what you can’t and that’s the difference.”
For Kerridge, the turning point came when his 40th birthday began to loom, and he tipped the scales at nearly 190 kilograms. Working in a business all about good food and drink, he knew calorie counting was never going to work. Likewise anything fussy, repetitive or boring.
He knew low-calorie diets would leave him ravenous, and low-fat would strip his food of flavour. That left low-carb – which sounded doable. He could still eat his steak – maybe even two – as long as he ditched the chips, or swapped them for leafy greens.
So he began to experiment with recipes. Fish and chips became seared tuna, white radish and sesame salad. Eggs on toast became egg atop spinach, sesame and pork. Pizza was reinvented as pepperoni pizza omelet. And spaghetti Bolognese transformed into lamb ragu with zucchini noodles.
“It takes a bit of willpower and it takes commitment but you’re not going to feel hungry,” he says.
“You have to want to go on the diet, but this one is a lot easier to maintain because you’re enjoying it … and you’re not counting calories.”
Eating out doesn’t have to be a challenge, either. “What you do is order clever, so if you’re having Chinese you have the stir-fried vegetables and a piece of steamed fish and no noodles. You just avoid things cooked in batter or sweet sauces. So socially … your lifestyle doesn’t have to change.”
What then, of the book’s sciency-sounding title? It refers to what Kerridge calls his “dopamine heroes” – beef, chicken, chocolate, fruit, nuts, spices and dairy. Feel-good foods he says are high in a chemical called tyrosine, which helps boost the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and emotional rewards.
In fact, the way Kerridge tells it, it was fun to lose weight.
“I always looked forward to what I was eating,” he says. “I’m just trying to lift and drive flavours forwards … So if a normal recipe had two cloves of recipe in, I was putting in eight.”
Kerridge doesn’t shy away from sweets and pick-me-ups entirely, though. Sugar replacements such as inulin and erythritol are allowed, as is fruit. “It’s an apple, I don’t see as cheating … you do crave a sweetness but it’s also full of vitamins, it’s healthy, it’s not lost sugars.”
Ultimately, though, resisting the lure of a golden baked spud does require some resolve. The trick that helped his formerly not-so-slender self was, of all things, thinking of a potato.
“In those moments of weakness … I visualise the face on a potato,” he says.
“In any other part of life you wouldn’t let it beat you. It’s a potato – it couldn’t beat you in a running race. It can’t read or write. It can’t do anything – it’s an inanimate object. You can beat this because you have a brain and this is something that’s a vegetable. But you have to take it on as a thing rather than the craving you’re having.”
Tom Kerridge’s Dopamine Diet, Bloomsbury, $34.99.
Pepperoni pizza omelet
Carb count: 16-8g per person
All the flavours of a pizza but without the heavy carbs. Photo: Bloomsbury
2 tbsp tomato puree
3 garlic cloves, grated
6 large free-range eggs
2 tsp dried oregano
A drizzle of olive oil
150g sliced pepperoni
2 balls of mozzarella (about 125g each), drained
2 tbsp fresh oregano leaves
30g parmesan cheese
A small handful of basil leaves
Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
1. To make the tomato sauce, heat the passata, tomato puree and garlic in a saucepan over a medium heat. Simmer to reduce until the sauce is nice and thick. This will take about 8-10 minutes. Remove from the heat, season with salt and pepper to taste and leave to cool.
2. Preheat the oven to 200C. In a bowl, whisk together the eggs and dried oregano and season with salt and pepper.
3. Heat a little olive oil in a 24cm non-stick ovenproof frying pan over a medium-high heat. Pour in the egg and stir until it is almost fully cooked, removing the pan from the heat when the omelet is still a little runny and wobbly in the middle.
4. Gently spread the tomato sauce all over the omelet. Cover with the pepperoni, then tear the mozzarella into pieces and scatter it over.
5. Sprinkle with the oregano and then place the pan in the oven for 8-10 minutes, until the cheese has melted and the “pizza” is set.
6. Remove from the oven and immediately grate the parmesan over the top. Scatter over the basil and serve at once, directly from the pan.
Shepherd’s pie with creamy cauliflower topping
Carb count: 22g per person
A not-quite-so-classic comfort meal with big flavours. Photo: Bloomsbury
800g good-quality minced lamb
8 merguez sausages
Vegetable oil, for cooking
2 onions, diced
4 garlic cloves, grated
1 tbsp fennel seeds
2 tsp curry powder
2 tsp cracked black pepper
1 tsp ground cinnamon
4 celery sticks, tough strings removed, diced
500ml strong beef stock
A good dash of Worcestershire sauce
Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
For the topping:
2 cauliflowers (about 700g each), cut into large florets
50g butter, softened
70ml double cream
200g strong blue cheese, such as Stilton, crumbled
1. Preheat the oven to 200C. Place the lamb mince in a large roasting tin and roast, stirring 3 or 4 times to break up the mince, for 35-40 minutes until dark brown. It should look like instant coffee granules. Bake the merguez sausages in another roasting tin, alongside the lamb, for 10-15 minutes until cooked through.
2. Tip the mince into a colander to drain. Let the sausages cool, then cut into chunks.
3. Pour a splash of oil into a large saucepan and warm over a medium-low heat. Add the onions and garlic and sweat gently, stirring from time to time, for 10-15 minutes until soft. Stir in the fennel seeds, curry powder, cracked pepper and cinnamon and cook, stirring, for 2-3 minutes.
4. Stir in the celery and browned mince. Pour in the stock and add the Worcestershire sauce and some salt. Bring to the boil, lower the heat and simmer for 1-1½ hours, until beautifully thick and rich. Take off the heat and allow to cool.
5. Preheat the oven to 190C. Stir the chopped sausages into the cooled lamb, then spoon into a shallow ovenproof dish, about 30x22cm and 8cm deep. Level the surface with the back of the spoon.
6. For the topping, bring a pan of lightly salted water to the boil, add the cauliflower florets and simmer until tender, about 5 minutes. Drain the cauliflower and place in a food processor with the butter, cream and some salt and pepper. Blend until smooth. Add the blue cheese and blitz to combine.
7. Spoon the cauliflower topping evenly over the lamb and sausage mixture. Stand the dish on an oven tray and bake in the oven for 30-35 minutes until the meat mixture is bubbling and the topping is starting to brown. Serve.